Left shows:

Hydrocephalus water fluid build-up in the brain.


Right shows:

Normal no water fluid build up



Placing a shunt to re-direct the water fluid buildup to drain


Placement of the shunt from the ventricle in the brain and draining into the stomach




The brain controls the body.   It is made up of 4 main ventricles.   Inside the brain is Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).This clear fluid protects the brain and travels through these ventricles.

Hydrocephalus occurs when there is too much fluid build up in the brain and the ventricles become blocked and are unable to drain properly.

Fluid build up causes pressure inside the head.   This increased pressure can injure the brain and cause brain damage.

Approximately 1 in 1000 people will get hydrocephalus.   Mostly children get it or are born with it.   1 in 500 children will get it.

If hydrocephalus is not treated...50-60 percent will die.   The rest will suffer intellectual and physical problems.


headaches, clumsiness, vision problems, tiredness, sleepiness, difficulty in concentrating, vomiting, seizures, memory loss, confusion.


CatScan, or MRI (x-rays and pictures of the inside of the brain are taken) will show build up of fluid.


Shunt (plastic tubing device) used to redirect the fluid build up in the ventricles to a different area in the body.

Shunts often have problems and do not always work properly and they will BLOCK.   Sometimes they drain too much fluid or not enough and may cause infections and bleeding inside the brain.   A shunt may have to be replaced from time to time.


vision problems, seizures, memory loss, forgetfulness, confusion, headaches,vomiting, loss of balance, change in speech,learning disabilities, change in personality, affects the ability to think, write,walk, and perform daily tasks, and it can leave you totally helpless and unable to care for yourself.

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